Chapter 4

Nutrition in Animals

1. Fill in the blanks:

(a)  The main steps of nutrition in humans are ingestion, digestion, absorption, assimilation, and egestion.

(b) The largest gland in the human body is Liver.

(c) The stomach releases hydrochloric acid and digestive juices which act on food.

(d) The inner wall of the small intestine has many finger-like outgrowths called villi.

(e) Amoeba digests its food in the food vacuole.

2. Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false:

(a) Digestion of starch starts in the stomach. (T/F)

(b) The tongue helps in mixing food with saliva. (T/F)

(c) The gall bladder temporarily stores bile. (T/F)

(d) The ruminants bring back swallowed grass into their mouth

and chew it for some time. (T/F)

3. Tick ( ) mark the correct answer in each of the following:

(a) Fat is completely digested in the
(i) stomach (ii) mouth (iii) small intestine (iv) large intestine

(b) Water from the undigested food is absorbed mainly in the
(i) stomach (ii) foodpipe (iii) small intestine (iv) large intestine

4. Match the items of Column I with those given in Column II:

Column I

Column II

Food components

Product(s) of digestion




Amino acids


Fatty acids and glycerol

5. What are villi? What is their location and function?
Ans: The inner walls of the small intestine have thousands of finger-like outgrowths. These are called villi.
They are located in the small intestine. The villi absorbs the digested food materials.

6. Where is the bile produced? Which component of the food does it help to digest?
Ans: Bile juice is produced in the liver, and it helps in the digestion of fats by breaking large fat globules into smaller ones.

7. Name the type of carbohydrate that can be digested by ruminants but not by humans. Give the reason also.
Ans: Cellulose is the carbohydrate that can be digested by ruminants but not by humans because humans lack the cellulase enzyme required to digest the cellulose.

8. Why do we get instant energy from glucose?
Ans: Glucose is a simple sugar which is easily absorbed by the blood whereas other carbohydrates are first broken down into glucose and then absorbed; hence, glucose gives instant energy.

9. Which part of the digestive canal is involved in:

 (i) absorption of food ________________.

(ii) chewing of food ________________.

(iii) killing of bacteria ________________.

(iv) complete digestion of food ________________.

(v) formation of faeces__________

Ans: i) Small intestine

ii) Buccal cavity


iv) Small intestine

v) Large Intestine

10. Write one similarity and one difference between nutrition in amoeba and human beings.

Ans: Similarity:

 Both amoeba and human beings follow the holozoic type of nutrition.



Humans intake food through buccal cavity. In amoeba food is ingested through pseudopodia.