Chapter 3

Fibre to fabric

I. Tick the correct option 

1. Which of the following is obtained from the stem of a plant?
(a) Jute
(b) Cotton
(c) Wool
(d) Polyester

2. The process of fibers from cotton balls into cotton fabric has the following sequence.
(a) Ginning knitting weaving
(b) Ginning spinning weaving
(c) Combing yarning knitting
(d) Ginning combing spinning

3. The fibers which are obtained by blending natural and synthetic fibers are called __________ .
(a) Artificial fibers
(b) Joint fibres
(c) Mixed fibres
(d) Real fibres

4. Roller gin is used for ________________
(a) Weaving
(b) Stitching
(c) Spinning
(d) Ginning

5. Which of the following is used for making gunny bags?
(a) Cotton
(b) Jute
(c) Wool
(d) Polyester

6. Which one is mixed fibre?
(a) Terrycot
(b) Cotton
(c) Silk
(d) None of these

II. Match the following 




Separation of cotton fibres from seeds

Plant fibre 



Converting yarn into cloth

Animal fibre 



Making yarn from fibres

III. Fill in the blank 

1. Fabric is made from fibers.
2. Silk is an animal fiber.
3. Cotton is a plant fiber.
4. Weaving on small things is done by weavers.
5. A machine called roller gin is used for ginning.
IV. Very short answer question 

1. Name two natural fibers obtained from plants.
Ans:  Cotton, jute.

2. Which traditional device was used by Mahatma Gandhi for making thread or yarn?
Ans:  Charkha.

3. Which part of the cotton plant is called cotton ball?
Ans:  Fruits of the cotton plant called cotton ball.

4. Name two synthetic fibers.
Ans:  Nylon, polyester.

5. What is the rearing of silkworms called?
Ans:  Sericulture.

6. From which animal wool is obtained?
Ans: Sheep.
V. Short answer questions 

1. What is sharing?
Ans:  Removing the fleece from sheep is called sharing.

2. Nikita sees a poor man shivering in the cold outside her house she takes permission from her mother and gives him an old blanket.
(a) Name the fiber used for making blankets.
(b) Which value is shown by Nikita?
Ans: (a) wool

3. Classify the following fibers into natural and synthetic nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, jute
Ans:  Natural – wool, cotton, silk, jute.
Synthetic – nylon, polyester.

4. How are fibers classified? Give two examples of each.
Ans:  Fibers are classified into three types
Natural fiber – cotton, silk.
Synthetic fiber – nylon, polyester.
Mixed fiber- tricot, Teri silk.

5. Why are cotton fabrics more comfortable in summer?
Ans:  Cotton fabrics are more compatible in summer because they are soft to touch, absorb sweat, and let the air in.
VI. Long answer questions 

1. Discuss advantages and disadvantages of natural fiber.
Ans:  Advantages of natural fiber are:
  • These fabrics absorb more water and sweat.
  • They allow air to pass through them.
  • They are biodegradable and do not affect the environment.
Disadvantages of natural fibers are:
  • They do not return their creases for long.
  • They may shrink during an ordinary wash.
  • They do not dry rapidly look.
  • They are expensive.
2. Discuss the uses of Jute
  • Jute is used for making Gunny bags.
  • High-quality jute is woven into curtains, corporate, chair covering, and packing for linoleum.
  • Jute bags are extensively used for packing cereals like wheat, jowar, and maize.
  • Shopping bags, tablemats, jewellery, or also made up of Jute.

1. Aman’s  mom is a working woman who leaves for her office early in the morning. She takes a Metro to the office and returns late in the evening. What type of fabric should she use for her dress?
Ans:  Wool.

2. Mansi is planning to visit Jaipur and Jodhpur during her summer vacation. What should she keep with her nylon leggings or cotton pants with kurtas why?
Ans:  Cotton pants with kurtas because summer is hot.